Anxiolytic Drugs

Drugs used to make children "more workable" and comfortable. Not sleepers. Particularly effective for noninvasive procedures or slightly painful procedures that do not require high immobilization and as adjuncts with analgesics for category 4.

Benzodiazepines (BNZs): Diazepam, Midazolam, Lorazepam


Hypnotic Drugs ("Sleepers")

Drugs used to make children sleep. Particularly effective for procedures requiring a high level of immobility.

Chloral Hydrate

Barbiturates: Potent Sedative, Hypnotic, and Anticonvulsant Drugs


Analgesic Drugs

Drugs used for painful procedures. “Make sure that pain is treated promptly and adequately.” (Parent’s wish list for children with cancer, Durbin, 1997.)

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents (Not a Sedative)

Opioid Agonists