Division Highlights - Infectious Diseases

The Division of Infectious Disease cares for children with common, complex, or potentially life-threatening infectious diseases and illnesses.

Research interests include international health, immunization efficacy, vaccine preventable disease epidemiology and policy, respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and fungal infections.

2013 Highlights

  • In honor of his contributions to their education and future careers, the UW School of Medicine and Public Health (SMPH) graduating class of 2013 selected James Conway, MD, as an Investing Marshal for this year’s Recognition Ceremony.
    In addition, fourth-year SMPH medical students selected Dr. Conway to receive the Wisconsin Medical Alumni Association's Clinical Science Teaching Award.
  • Bruce Klein, MD, received a competitive renewal of his National Institutes of Health–National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH-NIAID) R01 grant, “Mechanisms of Antifungal Vaccine Immunity,” which is now entering its 15th year.
    In addition, Dr. Klein received a $413,875 NIH-NIAID R21 grant for his project, “Tracking Anti-Fungal CD4+ T Cells In Vivo,” and a $15,000 University of Wisconsin Graduate School Fall Competition Award for his project, “Targeting Hybrid Histidine Kinase for Broad Spectrum Antifungal Therapy.”
    Finally, Dr. Klein was the first recipient of the Shirley S. Matchette Professorship.


Bruce S. Klein, MD

Professor and Division Chief

James H. Conway, MD

Professor (CHS)

Gregory P. DeMuri, MD

Associate Professor (CHS)

Sheryl L. Henderson, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor (CHS)

Ellen R. Wald, MD



Recent Publications

Brandhorst TT, Roy R, Wüthrich M, Nanjappa S, Filutowicz H, Galles K, Tonelli M, McCaslin DR, Satyshur K, Klein B. Structure and function of a fungal adhesin that binds heparin and mimics thrombospondin-1 by blocking T cell activation and effector function. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9(7):e1003464. Epub 2013 Jul 11. PMID: 23853587.

Casselbrant ML, Kaleida PH, Rockette HE, Paradise JL, Wald ER, Lasky MK, Bluestone CD. In reference to What is the Role of Tympanostomy Tubes in the Treatment of Recurrent Acute Otitis Media? Laryngoscope. 2013 Dec;123(12):E127. Epub 2013 Sep 19. PMID: 24105683.

Cole GT, Hung CY, Sanderson SD, Hurtgen BJ, Wüthrich M, Klein BS, Deepe GS, Ostroff GR, Levitz SM. Novel strategies to enhance vaccine immunity against coccidioidomycosis. PLoS Pathog. 2013 Dec;9(12):e1003768. Epub 2013 Dec 19. PMID: 24367252.

Conway JH, Ayele RA. “Thimerosal and other vaccine additives.” In: Chatterjee A, ed. Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century. New York: Springer Science; 2013: 213-234.

DeMuri G, Wald ER. Acute bacterial sinusitis in children. Pediatr Rev. 2013 Oct;34(10):429-37; quiz 437. PMID: 24085791.

DeMuri G, Wald E. Sinusitis in Clinical Decision Support: Infectious Diseases. Southwick FS, Hirschel B, Karchmer AW, Kauffman C, Wenzel RP, eds. Decision Support in Medicine, LLC. 2013: Wilmington, DE.

Gauthier GM, Klein BS. Blastomycosis. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BMD, St. Geme J, Schor NF, Behrman RE, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2013:1064.

Kawai K, O'Brien MA, Conway JH, Marshall GS, Kuter BJ. Factors associated with receipt of two doses of varicella vaccine among adolescents in the United States. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 May;32(5):538-42. PMID: 23190788.

Marty AJ, Wüthrich M, Carmen JC, Sullivan TD, Klein BS, Cuomo CA, Gauthier GM. Isolation of Blastomyces dermatitidis yeast from lung tissue during murine infection for in vivo transcriptional profiling. Fungal Genet Biol. 2013 Jul;56:1-8. Epub 2013 Mar 14. PMID: 23499858.

Poulsen KP, Pillers DM, Conway JH, Faith NG, Czuprynski CJ. Post-parturient shedding of Listeria monocytogenes in breast milk of infected mice. J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2013;6(2):145-51. PMID: 24246517.

Richer SM, Smedema ML, Durkin MM, Brandhorst TT, Hage CA, Connolly PA, Leland DS, Davis TE, Klein BS, Wheat LJ. Development of a highly sensitive and specific blastomycosis antibody enzyme immunoassay using blastomyces dermatitidis surface protein BAD-1. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2013 Nov 27. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24285817.

Roy M, Benedict K, Deak E, Kirby MA, McNiel JT, Sickler CJ, Eckardt E, Marx RK, Heffernan RT, Meece JK, Klein BS, Archer JR, Theurer J, Davis JP, Park BJ. A large community outbreak of blastomycosis in Wisconsin with geographic and ethnic clustering. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Sep;57(5):655-62. Epub 2013 Jun 3. PMID: 23735332.

Roy RM, Klein BS. Fungal glycan interactions with epithelial cells in allergic airway disease. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2013 Aug;16(4):404-8. Epub 2013 Apr 17. PMID: 23602359.

Roy RM, Paes HC, Nanjappa SG, Sorkness R, Gasper D, Sterkel A, Wüthrich M, Klein BS. Complement component 3C3 and C3a receptor are required inchitin-dependent allergic sensitization to Aspergillus fumigatus but dispensable in chitin-induced innate allergic inflammation. MBio. 2013 Apr 2;4(2). PMID: 23549917.

Shah AP, Cobb BT, Lower DR, Shaikh N, Rasmussen J, Hoberman A, Wald ER, Rosendorff A, Hickey RW. Enhanced vs. automated urinalysis for screening of urinary tract infections in children in the emergency department. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Nov 20. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24263219.

Shaikh N, Hoberman A, Colborn DK, Kearney DH, Jeong JH, Kurs-Lasky M, Barbadora KA, Bowen A, Flom LL, Wald ER. Are nasopharyngeal cultures useful in diagnosis of acute bacterial sinusitis in children? Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2013 Dec;52(12):1118-21. Epub 2013 Oct 17. PMID: 24137025.

Shaikh N, Hoberman A, Kearney DH, Colborn DK, Kurs-Lasky M, Jeong JH, Haralam MA, Bowen A, Flom LL, Wald ER. Signs and symptoms that differentiate acute sinusitis from viral upper respiratory tract infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Oct;32(10):1061-5. PMID: 23694838.

Shaikh N, Wald ER, Jeong JH, Kurs-Lasky M, Bowen A, Flom LL, Hoberman A. Predicting response to antimicrobial therapy in children with acute sinusitis. J Pediatr. 2013 Dec 21. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24367985.

Tarr GA, Eickhoff JC, Koepke R, Hopfensperger DJ, Davis JP, Conway JH. Using a Bayesian latent class model to evaluate the utility of investigating persons with negative polymerase chain reaction results for pertussis. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jul 15;178(2):309-18. Epub 2013 Jun 4. PMID: 23735308.

Tebbets B, Yu Z, Stewart D, Zhao LX, Jiang Y, Xu LH, Andes D, Shen B, Klein B. Identification of antifungal natural products via Saccharomyces cerevisiae bioassay: insights into macrotetrolide drug spectrum, potency and mode of action. Med Mycol. 2013 Apr;51(3):280-9. PMID: 22928922.

Wald ER, Applegate KE, Bordley C, Darrow DH, Glode MP, Marcy SM, Nelson CE, Rosenfeld RM, Shaikh N, Smith MJ, Williams PV, Weinberg ST; American Academy of Pediatrics. Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial sinusitis in children aged 1 to 18 years. Pediatrics. 2013 Jul;132(1):e262-80. PMID: 23796742.

Wald ER, DeMuri GP. Commentary: antibiotic recommendations for acute otitis media and acute bacterial sinusitis in 2013--the conundrum. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Jun;32(6):641-3. PMID: 23340557.

Wüthrich M, LeBert V, Galles K, Hu-Li J, Ben-Sasson SZ, Paul WE, Klein BS. Interleukin 1 enhances vaccine-induced antifungal T-helper 17 cells and resistance against Blastomyces dermatitidis infection. J Infect Dis. 2013 Oct 1;208(7):1175-82. Epub 2013 Jun 20. PMID: 23788728.

Yaeger JP, Conway JH, Butteris SM, Howard CR, Moreno MA. Pediatric global health education: correlation of website information and curriculum. J Pediatr. 2013 Dec;163(6):1764-8. Epub 2013 Aug 20. PMID: 23968746.

Grant Support

Our faculty were principal investigators on the following grants during calendar year 2013.

Principal Investigator Funding Agency Title
Conway, James Sanofi Pasteur Surveillance for Rates of Pertussis Disease Among Persons Birth Through 59 Months of Age Receiving Pentacel or Other Pertussis Vaccines
Klein, Bruce DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Molecular Pathogenesis of Blastomycosis
Klein, Bruce DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Environmental Chitin Exposure in the Pathogenesis of Asthma
Klein, Bruce Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Anti-Fungal Drug Discovery
Klein, Bruce DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Mechanisms of Anti-Fungal Vaccine Immunity
Klein, Bruce DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Tracking Anti-Fungal CD4+ T Cells In Vivo
Klein, Bruce Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Targeting Hybrid Histidine Kinase for Broad-Spectrum Antifungal Therapy
Klein, Bruce DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health T32-Microbes in Health and Disease
Klein, Bruce UWF–Wisconsin Partnership Program (MERC) Wisconsin Center for Infectious Disease (WisCID)
Wald, Ellen Thrasher Research Fund Short (5 days) versus Long (14 days) Duration of Antimicrobial Therapy for Acute Bacterial Sinusitis in Children
Wald, Ellen Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Corticosteroids for Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infections
Wald, Ellen Glaxosmithkline GSK 112957 (HIB-097)
Wald, Ellen DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Sinusitis in Children and the Nasopharyngeal Microbiome
Wald, Ellen DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health An Interactive Web-Based Intervention to Achieve Healthy Weight in Young Children
Wald, Ellen Glaxosmithkline GSK MMR-160
Wald, Ellen Hoffmann-Laroche, Inc. BP28947, A Screening Protocol to Assess Adult and Adolescent Individuals with Down Syndrome for Eligibility to Participate in an Upcoming Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of RO5186582?
Wüthrich, Marcel DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Regulation of Vaccine-Induced Anti-Fungal T17 Cells

View Other Divisions' Highlights