Division Highlights - Endocrinology & Diabetes

The Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes provides state-of-the-art medical care through four multidisciplinary clinics: diabetes, endocrinology, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and pediatric fitness.

Our research aims to improve the health and quality of life of children with diabetes and endocrine disorders and to prevent childhood obesity and its consequences.

2012 Highlights

  • David Allen, MD; Tracy Bekx, MD; Aaron Carrel, MD; and Ellen Connor, MD, were named “Top Doctors” by Madison Magazine.
  • David Allen, MD, received “10 consecutive years” recognition by both America’s Top Doctors and Best Doctors in America.
  • Aaron Carrel, MD, was among the first recipients of the UW Health Patient Experience Physician Champion Award, which recognizes physicians who have achieved exemplary communication skills in the 2011 Avatar patient satisfaction survey.
  • Fellows Jennifer Rehm, MD; Kim Richards, MD; and Peter Wolfgram, MD, each received Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society (PES) travel awards to support their travel costs to the PES annual meeting.


Michael J. MacDonald, MD

Professor and Division Chief

David B. Allen, MD


M. Tracy Bekx, MD

Assistant Professor (CHS)

Aaron L. Carrel, MD

Professor (CHS)

Ellen L. Connor, MD

Associate Professor (CHS)

Ei Terasawa, PhD



Recent Publications

Allen DB, Fost N. Obesity and neglect: it's about the child. J Pediatr. 2012 Jun;160(6):898-9. PMID: 22504101.

Allen DB. TODAY—a stark glimpse of tomorrow. N Engl J Med. 2012 Jun 14;366(24):2315-6. PMID: 22540913.

Carrel AL, Bowser J, White D, Moberg DP, Weaver B, Hisgen J, Eickhoff J, Allen DB. Standardized childhood fitness percentiles derived from school-based testing. J Pediatr. 2012 Jul;161(1):120-4. PMID: 22364851.

Carrel AL. Randomised trial of exercise dose in children reduces diabetes risk (as measured by insulin resistance) in both 20-min and 40-min doses. Evid Based Med. 2012 Dec 4. PMID: 23213116.

Curtis VA, Carrel AL, Eickhoff JC, Allen DB. Gender and race influence metabolic benefits of fitness in children: a cross-sectional study. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2012 Mar 15;2012(1):4. PMID: 22420715.

Geier LM, Bekx MT, Connor EL. Factors contributing to initial weight loss among adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2012 Dec;25(6):367-70. PMID: 23089571.

Guerriero KA, Keen KL, Millar RP, Terasawa E. Developmental changes in GnRH release in response to kisspeptin agonist and antagonist in female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta): implication for the mechanism of puberty. Endocrinology. 2012 Feb;153(2):825-36. PMID: 22166978.

Guerriero KA, Keen KL, Terasawa E. Developmental increase in kisspeptin-54 release in vivo is independent of the pubertal increase in estradiol in female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Endocrinology. 2012 Apr;153(4):1887-97. PMID: 22315444.

Hasan NM, Longacre MJ, Stoker SW, Kendrick MA, Druckenbrod NR, Laychock SG, Mastrandrea LD, MacDonald MJ. Sphingosine kinase 1 knockdown reduces insulin synthesis and secretion in a rat insulinoma cell line. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2012 Feb 1;518(1):23-30. PMID: 22155656.

Kurian JR, Keen KL, Guerriero KA, Terasawa E. Tonic control of kisspeptin release in prepubertal monkeys: implications to the mechanism of puberty onset. Endocrinology. 2012 Jul;153(7):3331-6. PMID: 22585828.

MacDonald MJ, Longacre MJ, Warner TF, Thonpho A. High level of ATP citrate lyase expression in human and rat pancreatic islets. Horm Metab Res. 2012 Dec 7. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23225248.

Meinen A, Wright W, Friese B, Carrel AL. Youth gardens increase healthy behaviors in young children. J Hunger Environ Nutrition. 2012;7:192-204.

Terasawa E, Kenealy BP. Neuroestrogen, rapid action of estradiol, and GnRH neurons. Front Neuroendocrinol. 2012 Oct;33(4):364-75. PMID: 22940545.

Terasawa E, Kurian JR, Keen KL, Shiel NA, Colman RJ, Capuano SV. Body weight impact on puberty: effects of high-calorie diet on puberty onset in female rhesus monkeys. Endocrinology. 2012 Apr;153(4):1696-705. PMID: 22315448.

Vivian EM, Becker TL, Carrel AL. Weight perceptions of parents with children at risk for diabetes. BMC Res Notes. 2012 Jan 20;5:47. PMID: 22260226.

Grant Support

Our faculty were principal investigators on the following grants during calendar year 2012.

Principal Investigator Funding Agency Title
Abbott, David Endocrine Fellows Foundation Fetal Programming of PCOS Pancreatic Phenotype: A Male Perspective (K. Richards)
Allen, David Eli Lilly and Company Eli Lilly Pediatric Endocrine Fellowship Research Training Support
Allen, David Pfizer, Inc. Pediatric Endocrine Fellowship Support
Allen, David Pediatric Endocrine Society Early Detection and Significance of Fatty Liver Disease in Adolescent Girls With Polycystic Ovary Disease (J. Rehm)
Allen, David Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society J. Rehm, PES travel award 4/2012
Allen, David Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society K. Richards, PES travel award 4/2012
Allen, David Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society P. Wolfgram, PES travel award 4/2012
Allen, David Covance, Inc. Answer Program Registry Agreement
Allen, David Pfizer, Inc. Kabi International Growth Study (Kigs)
Allen, David Endocrine Fellows Foundation The Role of Ethnicity and Race in Site Specific Fat Distribution, Inflammation, and Insulin Resistance in Children (P. Wolfgram)
Allen, David Genentech, Inc. Role of Ethnicity in Fat Distribution and Insulin Resistance (P. Wolfgram)
Connor, Ellen Genentech, Inc. Hepatic Steatosis in Adolescents with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (J. Rehm)
MacDonald, Michael DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Childhood Diabetes Clinical & Molecular Research Training Program (CDCMRT)
MacDonald, Michael DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Glucose/Secretagogue Metabolism in Pancreatic Islets
Terasawa-Grilley, Ei Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Grad School Fall Competition
Terasawa-Grilley, Ei DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Hypothalamic Control of Gonadotropin Secretion
Terasawa-Grilley, Ei DHHS, PHS, National Institutes of Health Hypothalamic Control of Puberty

View Other Divisions' Highlights